Yogyakarta is the capital city of Yogyakarta Special Region in Java Island, Indonesia. It acquired the status of Special Administrative Region, since Yogyakarta is the only region in Indonesia that has monarchy structure. In the past, Yogyakarta is a part of Mataram Sultanate, a great Islamic Kingdom in Java before the colonialism of the Dutch. Then in 1756, the sultanate was divided into two kingdoms, one of them is Yogyakarta Sultanate. Since the independence of the Republic of Indonesia till now, Yogyakarta Sultanate becomes a province and its sultan becomes its governor.
Before the Mataram Sultanate was established, in the era of Ancient Java, there was a great Hindu-Buddhist Javanese Kingdom called Mataram Kingdom. The word Mataram itself refers to the southern plain areas of Mt. Merapi. The heritage of the ancient kingdoms to this day makes Yogyakarta is a very attractive place to visit. The renowned ones are Borobudur Temple (Candi Borobudur) and Prambanan Temple (Candi Prambanan) that were built around 9th century. Both are among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Borobudur is known as the largest and the world?s largest Buddhist temple as well as one of the greatest Buddhist temples in the world. Meanwhile, Prambanan is known as the largest Hindu temple in Indonesia, and one of the greatest in Southeast Asia. And for the Mataram Sultanate heritages, you can find it around Yogyakarta as well, such as Kraton (the Palace) that still exists to this day and other Royal related sites.
Not only is its cultural heritage, the beautiful nature of Yogyakarta is also a fascinating attraction for both tourists and researchers. Yogyakarta lies at the southern part of middle Java Island. Its north border is Mt. Merapi, which is known as one of world?s most active volcano and the most active volcano in Indonesia. Its unique volcano characteristic makes so many researchers from around the world come to study it. Then at the south border of Yogyakarta is the Indian Ocean, where you can find so many beautiful beaches there.
Your visit to Yogyakarta won?t be complete without trying its local culinary. The most famous Yogyakarta local food is Gudeg. That?s why, Yogyakarta is also known as Gudeg City (Kota Gudeg). Gudeg is made from young unripe jackfruit boiled with coconut milk and palm sugar for several hours, therefore it has sweet base taste. It is usually served with steamed rice and other dishes such as eggs, chickens, tofu, tempeh and sambal goreng krecek (stew made of crisp beef skin). You can also try other food masterpieces of Yogyakarta such as Sate Klathak, Bakmi Jawa, Oseng-oseng Mercon, Bakpia and Jadah Tempe (Tempeh) Merapi. Other than local food, you can also find so many Yogyakarta local products as excellent gifts and souvenirs to be brought back. Some of them are Batik Yogyakarta, Silver Crafts and Pottery (Gerabah).
Besides dubbed as Cultural City and Gudeg City, Yogyakarta is also dubbed as the City of Education. The high standard education in Yogyakarta attracts students from around Indonesia to come and study there. Therefore, Yogyakarta is an excellent venue for the 48th IPhO 2017 that can inspire the participants on how the modern high standard education harmonically meet the modest city rich of cultural heritage.